“Sora Yomu Tsukihi” No. 6
In this spring, Osamu Nakanishi, the President of the Institute for Global and Cosmic Peace, published his 11th book, The Russian Revolution, the Chinese Revolution and 9/11: the 20th and 21st Centuries in Universal (Cosmic and Global) History (in Japanese).（*15） He presented his original dual academic framework in it. They consist of two disciplines: Universal (Cosmic and Global) History plus Global and Cosmic Peace (Studies).
Universal (Cosmic and Global) History places the Earth as a floating object in the Cosmos and argues the history of human life as not only on the Earth but also in the Cosmos. Universal (Cosmic and Global) History is called “Uchū Chikyūshi” in Japanese. He decided on the translation “Cosmic and Global History” for the English title of his old article （*16） yet we recently argued about the English paraphrase of it. We decided to adopt the new and tentative name “Universal (Cosmic and Global) History” because we think that universal history essentially means cosmic history. Global and Cosmic Peace (Studies) shows the problems arisen from the process of universal (cosmic and global) history, and then presents the solutions to them.
The different order of “cosmic” and “global” has a point. In the former, Cosmic precedes Global because global history (it includes the whole Earth history) is a part of cosmic history. (The Cosmos had existed before the Earth appeared.) In the latter, Global precedes Cosmic because its first task is to keep global peace and the second one is not to expand wars on the Earth to the Cosmos.
He looks to emergence and transformations of locale where humans live, and defines Cosmonization as “emergence and expansion of the Cosmos and the Earth, expansion and unification of the human life zone in the Cosmos” and Globalization as “emergence of humans, expansion and unification of the human life zone on the Earth.” These definitions include our recent discussions through e-mails based on his new book.
The 1st Period of Cosmonization began when the Cosmos emerged and began to expand. The 1st Period of Globalization began when humans emerged and began to spread over all parts on the Earth. The 2nd Period of Globalization began when Columbus reached the Americas, beginning the unification of humans who had spread all over the Earth. The 2nd Period of Cosmonization and the 3rd Period of Globalization began together when the Soviet Union launched Sputnik in 1957. Humans began to unite the expanded universe.
In my opinion, terraforming the Moon and the other planets would ring the new period of Cosmonization. It would be also beginning of localization of our Globe (the Earth) in dual meaning. It would mean both provincializing of our home planet and making the other objects our actual living places. But we should not behave as conquerors with force like “Avatar.” The quantitative change of our life zone (colonizing the universe) need involve the qualitative change of our living way (we are no longer imperialists).
Nobuo Palette Tsujimura
（*15） Osamu Nakanishi, Roshia Kakumei, Chūgoku Kakumei, Kyū-ichi-ichi: Uchū Chikyūshi no naka no Nijū kara Nijūisseiki (The Russian Revolution, the Chinese Revolution and 9/11: the 20th and 21st Centuries in Universal [Cosmic and Global] History), Nansōsha, 2011.
（*16） Osamu Nakanishi, “Uchū Chikyūshi no Tenkai: Chikyū Uchū Heiwagaku Nyūmon” (The Process of Cosmic and Global History: An Introduction to Global and Cosmic Peace Studies) in Journal of the Institute for Global and Cosmic Peace, No.1, IGCP, 2006.