投稿者「野津 志乃」のアーカイブ

ベトナムの今 ~ストライキに泣く日系ベトナム企業~

野津 志乃

2008年1月ホーチミン市近郊のT工業団地は異様な雰囲気に包まれていた。先日も私の働く会社の近くのいくつかの工場で路上に多くの工員さん何百と集まり、公安も駆けつけるほどの状態になっていた。

http://www.nld.com.vn/tintuc/cong-doan/213766.asp
http://www.nld.com.vn/tintuc/cong-doan/213621.asp

ここ2,3年急激に世界の注目がベトナムに集まっている。去年WTOに加盟指定から特に投資が盛んになってベトナム株が急騰。

ホーチミン市とハノイ市で、オフィス、高級マンション、小売用地など各種不動産の賃貸料が急上昇している。地価も上がり、土地成金、株成金が増え、お金持ちのベトナム人が増え、外資の高級デパートで買い物をする人が増えた。高級車に乗るベトナム人も増えた。

それに伴って物価も急騰。2007年は年間で12.63%UP (2006年12月比)、過去11年で最高となった。ほぼ全ての品目で上昇したが、最も高かったのがCPI算出品目で最大の割合を占める食品で、前月比4.69%上昇、年間では21.16%上昇となっている。地価とガソリン、そして食品の値上げが生活を直撃している。ホーチミンに住んでいる低所得者の生活は苦しい。

またホーチミンの最低賃金が2008年1月より引き上げられた。外資系の企業、工場の最低賃金はベトナム企業より高く設定されており、100万ドン(62.5$)になった。

2008年1月の消費者物価指数 (CPI) 上昇率は前月比2.38%、昨年同期比14.11%と非常に高かった。

そのような状況の中で多くの日系製造業の会社で多くのストライキが発生するにいたった。台湾系の会社等は人件費が高騰し採算が取れなくなれば撤退する会社もあるが、日系はある程度余裕があるため賃上げができることあり、狙い撃ちされている感がある。工業団地では一社がストライキを起こせば連鎖的に近隣に広がる。一旦賃金改定に関して決着したいたが、近隣のストライキに刺激され再度ワーカーから賃上げ要求がなされ再ストライキといった事態もある。これはベトナム特有の問題もある。基本給から手当の額までお互いにすぐに見せ合い比較するからだ。

また一党独裁のベトナム政府は物価上昇による生活苦から国民の不満が政府に向かうことを恐れているように感じる。そのため、政府は意図的に労働者側に立ち、物価上昇にともなって賃上げをしない企業側に今回の問題があるというスタンスをとっている。新聞などでも物価上昇による労働者の生活苦と企業の待遇の悪さが書き立てられる。しかしその記事は誇張や誤り、うそがある。扇動的に感じる。

2月7日はベトナム旧正月。多くの労働者が田舎に帰郷し始め、工業地区は落ち着きを取り戻しつつある。旧正月が終わり、労働者が都市部に戻ってきた後、現在の状況がどういう方向に向かうのか注目したい。

in the final stage of your life (3) 〜People live longer sufficiently〜

野津 志乃

Here again, I would like to mention my experience.

When I went to a nursing home for my outdoor activity, I got along with some elderly women. One of them said that she was really lonely because she was alone at home. I couldn’t say anything. All I could do was be with her for a few hours. I did massage her shoulders and kept holding her hands for a long time while wishing her happiness.

Another grandmother said, “I don want to live any longer. If I live longer I may become senile and cause my family to take care of me. I wish I would die soon so I would not bother my family.”

Almost everyone I met in the center was born and brought up in Fukushima. They have worked hard as farmers every day with no holidays or retirement. The other elderly person sadly said, “My hands are brown and crumpled.”

But I think that such people and such hands have made this country. Those hands are the very hands which should be respected!

Let’s think about other aspect of elderly. On the islands of Okinawa, there are many people who live long and they reach age 100 at an amazing rate*. In recent years researchers have found out across the globe to find the secret to long life. Then Okinawa was selected a group that is among the longest lived on earth. There are some key habits to live longer happily.

  • Be active everyday!
  • Find purpose!
  • Keep socially engaged!
  • Keep life long friends!

In addition, Okinawa people respect elderly. Those keys let them live longer happily. We can see social relationships are important for elderly too. We can learn ‘the best practice’ from them. The rest is up to us.

In conclusion, I would like to ask you a question again. In facing your own old age, how would you like to live? When my parents get old, when I get old, we all need someone’s help. We cannot live alone. I would not like to let my parents feel lonely. I would not like to bother my children but don’t want to live and die alone. I will not stand to be alone in the final stage of my life.

Can we live happily even though we get old?

I think we can.

We may need help but it is life. As Okinawa people, enjoy aging and respect elderly!

You can see below about secrets of Okinawa.

in the final stage of your life (2) 〜Conditions for elderly〜

野津 志乃

People are living longer in Japan. There are now more than 10 million Japanese aged sixty-five and older. Recently, the number of such elderly people who live alone is sharply increasing. According to Basic Research on National Life in Japan 2005 which was done by the ministry of health, labour and welfare, we can see how it is increasing.Looking at 2003, the number of families which have an elderly person who is more than 65 years old and the number of families which are composed of people over 65 doubled over 10 years.

Year The number of families which have a elderly parson who is more than 65 years old % of such families among gross families The number of families which are composed of people over 65
1986 9,760,000 26.0% 9,760,000
1992 11,880,000 28.8% 3,660,000
2003 17,270,000 37.7% 7,230,000

Basic Research on National Life in Japan 2005

The average life expectancy is getting higher. According to a 1998 survey by the Ministry of Health and Welfare, the average life span of the Japanese is 77.19 years old for males and 83.82 for females. These latest figures represent the longest life expectancy in the world.

According to estimate by the national Institute of Population at the Ministry of health and Welfare, Japan’s population will peak in2007 at 127.78 million before starting to decline. By 2025, the population will drop to 120 million by 2050, and 67.4 million. The emergence of a lower birth rate and the oldest population will have an enormous effect in the 21st century.

With the oldest population in the world, Japan must decide how to care for elderly which is one of the biggest challenges of the 21st century. It is nearly impossible for each individual family to take care of their elderly by themselves. The number of nursing homes is also increasing.

We all have to support elderly people and have to be ready to face this issue. Society itself needs to change.

* You can see that information bellow

in the final stage of your life (1) 〜 a elderly lady who I met in hospital〜

野津 志乃

  • How would you like to live when you get old?
  • Would you like to live alone or with your family in the final stage of your life?

First of all, I would like to talk about a woman I met before. She was 76 years old and in a hospital. She has lived alone since she lost her husband when she was still young. I gave her a carnation on Mother’s Day. She was really glad to get it because it was the first time she was given a carnation. She started crying and kept on looking at it for a long time while sitting on her bed. Then when she left the hospital she brought the carnation to her home even though it had already turned brown.

She had two operations because of cancer but she still had a stomach cancer. She doesn’t have any children and any relatives around her so she lives alone. She was told that she had a terminal cancer. No body takes care of her

This experience made me think about life. It must be really hard to live alone. After this experience, I went to see her several times. I have thought what I can do since then.